X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) is well-known for its accuracy and reliability. Solid sample types analysed range from geological (exploration) samples to process materials for the determination of major, minor and minor to trace elements.
ICP-OES is a multi-element analytical technique that has the capability of simultaneous analysis. ICP-OES is used to analyse majors, minors and minor trace concentration levels.
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a trace technique that analyses in the low part-per-billion (ppb) range. The uniqueness of this technique lies in the fact that it utilises the naturally occurring isotopes of all analysable elements to correctly determine the concentration of an analyte.